Brussels, 2019

Countering Hybrid Threats: Stronger Role for Civil Society in the Post-2020 EaP Roadmap

Authors: Kakha Gogolashvili (Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies), Mikayel Hovhannisyan (Eurasia Partnership Foundation, Armenia), Elkhan Mekhtiyev (Security expert, Azerbaijan), Andrei Yahorau (Centre for European Transformation, Belarus), Valeriu Pașa (, Moldova), Viktor Ohiienko (Ukrainian Core). Editor: Kakha Gogolashvili.

The paper aims to advise on how civil society should and could be involved in formulating, implementing and monitoring future deliverables in the area of hybrid threats in the post-2020 Road Map for the EaP policy. It also suggests concrete benchmarks for individual EaP countries in a regional perspective. The paper is the direct outcome of continued debates on the new EaP Road Map, as well as the structured consultations opened by the EU institutions, and the recommendations of the EaP CSF policy paper “Advancing Eastern Partnership: 23 Civil Society Ideas for the Policy beyond 2020“.

The findings of this paper cover the comparative analysis of hybrid threats in EaP countries, the response of the government, cooperation between EU and EaP countries on countering hybrid threats, civil-society engagement and, finally, the suggestions on the development of cooperation between EU and EaP partner states. The research resulted in concrete recommendation for the governments of the respective countries, EU institutions and member states and for civil society, which is advised to intensify its engagement in countering hybrid threats and in developing a common response.

The paper was developed in the framework of a Re-granting Project in Working Group 1, and benefitted from support through the EaP CSF Re-granting Scheme 2019.

Available for download

Countering Hybrid Threats: Stronger Role for Civil Society in post-2020 EaP Roadmap, Gogolashvili, Pașa, Hovhannisyan, Ohiienko et al., 2019