Common response to hybrid threats

Four non-governmental organisations from Georgia, Moldova, Armenia and Ukraine conducted a joint study assessing hybrid threats that the EaP countries are currently facing. The project aimed to study the hybrid threats which affect Eastern Partnership states and elaborate recommendations to actively engage civil society in countering them.



The project envisaged the creation of a team of experts from Georgia, Moldova, Armenia and Ukraine, which would travel to the capital cities of the mentioned states and meet all relevant stakeholders from government, parliament and civil society. The meetings resulted in the collection of all necessary information, opinions and ideas on the state of institutional and legal measures taken in the countries on countering existing hybrid threats.

The sources of the new hybrid threats predominantly aim at discrediting and weakening the motivation of the EaP partner states to further integrate with the EU. Indeed, EaP partner states understand the importance of this cooperation and are interested in countering, jointly where possible, any adverse action or attempt to disengage them from that process.

To effectively counter the hybrid threats, a joining of efforts of official bodies and non-state actors is required. It also needs reinforced international cooperation on a government and civil society level. The paper recommends the governments establish active cooperation among and with the EU countries with the aim of analyzing, exchanging knowledge and countering jointly, where appropriate, hybrid threats. The cooperation should target the development of an appropriate legal environment and adequate institutional capacity. Civil society itself should become more organized and consolidated.

Based on the results of the study, we propose a set of recommendations for the governments of EaP states, EU and NATO institutions and their member states. You can download the full paper below:

Gogolashvili, Pașa, Hovhannisyan & Ohiienko (2019). Hybrid Threats in the EaP Area: Building a Common Response

Lead Organisation:

Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies (Georgia)


  • WatchDog.MD (Moldova)
  • Eurasia Partnership Foundation (Armenia)
  • Ukrainian Core (Ukraine)


  • To assess hybrid threats in the EaP region: What are they and how can they be addressed?