Ilmi Umerov, the deputy head of the Mejlis, the main representative organ of the Indigenous Crimean Tatar people was detained on 12 May 2016 following the interview he gave the ATR TV channel on 19 March 2016 in Kyiv. He is charged with “separatism” under Article 280.1 – a new article introduced a few months after Russia’s invasion and illegal annexation of Crimea. His main “crime” consists of stating that Russia must leave Crimea and that the peninsula must be returned to Ukraine – a view shared by all democratic states and international organizations.

During a hearing in Kyiv District Court of Simferopol on 11 August, Ilmi Umerov suffered a heart attack and was hospitalised to a coronary care unit. Meanwhile, the court ruled that he must be placed in a psychiatric clinic for examination. On 18 August he was taken against his will to Psychiatric Hospital No. 1 in Simferopol to be held there for 28 days. Mr Umerov has a number of health problems, and his condition sharply deteriorated on 21 August. At the moment his life is in danger and his lawyer Mark Feygin says that ill treatment of Ilmi Umerov in effect amounts to torture.

Taking into account this critical situation and the immediate threat to Ilmi Umerov’s life, the Steering Committee:

  • condemns the return by Russia to the worst Soviet practices of punitive psychiatry, which targeted dissidents;
  • believes that the de facto authorities of Crimea must drop all charges against Ilmi Umerov and other political prisoners from Crimea held in custody on the territory of Crimea and in Russia;
  • demands the immediate release of Ilmi Umerov;
  • appeals for the support and active engagement of the democratic international community.

Steering Committee Statement

European Parliament Resolution of 4 February 2016 on the human rights situation in Crimea, in particular of the Crimean Tatars

Crimea Today: Trends and Developments (Natalya Belitser, Pylyp Orlyk Institute for Democracy)